Te Reo Māori is one of New Zealand’s three official languages (the other two are English and sign language). Whether you live in Aotearoa or are just visiting, you’ll want to familiarise yourself with its pronunciation and some key Māori words.
This beautiful language is widely used (especially as place names) and distinctly Kiwi.
Learn the basics of Te Reo starting with these useful Māori words.
Māori Words – Get to Know the Basics
How to Pronounce Te Reo Māori
Te Reo Māori has five vowel sounds that are pronounced differently to their English counterparts:
- a (‘a’ like in ‘car’)
- e (‘e’ like in ‘egg’)
- i (‘i’ like the ‘ee’ in ‘tee’)
- o (‘o’ like in ‘four’)
- u (‘u’ like an ‘o’ in ‘to’)
All vowels can be long or short. A long vowel is signified with a macron above it (or sometimes when written twice – eg. whānau or whaanau).
- a, (short vowel) papa (earth)
- ā, (long vowel) pāpā (father)
There are eight consonants in Te Reo Māori, which sound similar to the English versions — h, k, m, n, p, r, t, and w.
There are also two consonant combinations that make a different sound when joined together – wh and ng.
Many Māori pronounce the wh sound similar to the English ‘f’.
The ng in Te Reo is similar to the ‘ng’ sound in English words like ‘sing’. However, Māori words can actually start with that sound.
Te Reo Māori Words That Every Kiwi and Traveller Should Learn
Te Reo Māori Greetings
- Kia ora – An informal greeting to one – hello. It can also be used to express gratitude, send love, show thanks or make a connection to someone else. Literally, it means to wish the essence of life upon someone else. You might also say kia ora e hoa (hello friend).
- Tēnā koe – A formal greeting to one – good day.
- Kia ora koutou – An informal greeting to three or more people – hello. You could also say kia ora koutou e te whānau (hello to a familiar group of people).
- Tēnā koutou – A formal greeting to three or more people – good day.
- Mōrena – Good morning.
- Ata mārie – Good morning.
- Kia pai tō rā – Have a good day.
- Pō mārie – Good evening.
- Nau mai, haere mai – Welcome.
- Mā te wā – See you later.
- Ka kite (anō) – See you (again).
- Haere rā – Goodbye (said to someone leaving by the person who is staying).
- E noho rā – Goodbye (said to someone staying by the person leaving).
- Ngā mihi – Regards/thanks (commonly used to sign off emails/letters).
- Ngā mihi maioha – Regards/thanks with appreciation.
- Aroha nui – With deep affection. Much love.
- Noho ora mai – All the best.
Question Time in Te Reo
- Kei te pēhea koe? – How are you? When speaking to one person. For two people say kei te pēhea kōrua?, and for three say kei te pēhea koutou?
- Ka pai – Good.
- Kei te pai – Fine, good.
- Tino pai – Very good.
- Mīharo – Marvellous, amazing.
- Ka mau te wehi – Amazing, fantastic!
- Tu meke – Too much! A colloquial phrase showing excitement.
Te Reo Māori Words About People
- Whānau – A family group or extended family. Also a way to reference a number of people (in a familiar manner).
- Tāngata – People.
- Tāne – Man, men, husband.
- Wahine – Female, woman, wife. Wāhine (plural).
- Tamariki – Children.
- Moko – Grandchild.
- Tīpuna – Ancestors and grandparents.
- Pākehā – European people.
- Hapū – Pregnant.
- E hoa – Friend.
- Iwi – Tribe. Also a large group of people descended from a common ancestor.
- Whakawhanaungatanga – Establishing relationships and relating to others.
Te Teo Māori Words Relating to the Land in New Zealand
- Aotearoa – The Māori name for New Zealand. Loosely translates to ‘land of the long white cloud’.
- Whenua – Land. Hence Tāngata whenua means ‘people of the land’.
- Moana – A large body of water, like a sea, ocean or large lake.
Time to Eat!
- Kai – Food.
- Puku – Stomach, tummy, belly.
- Pukukai – food-lover/glutton.
- Kai moana – Seafood.
- Hāngi – A traditional way to cook food. An earth oven that cooks using steam and heat from heated stones.
Things You Might Do
- Hikoi – Walk, journey.
- Moe – Sleep.
- Kōrero – Talk.
- Ako – Learn.
- Titiro – Look.
- Whakarongo – Listen.
- Kanikani – Dance.
- Pakipaki – Clap.
Other Useful Te Reo Māori Words You Might Encounter
- Āe – Yes.
- Kāo – No.
- Aroha mai – Sorry.
- Kia kaha – Be strong, keep going.
- Mana – Power, influence, charisma – Māori believe that mana is a supernatural force in a person, place or object. Mana is an enduring, indestructible power and is inherited at birth.
- Tapu – Sacred.
- Hongi – A traditional Māori greeting that involves touches noses and exchanging breath.
- Karakia – A prayer or blessing.
- Waiata – Song.
- Waka – A traditional canoe.
- Haka – A traditional war dance.
- Mahi – Work.
- Kaitiakitanga – Guardian.
- Haurangi – Drunk, mad, deluded.
- Pākaru – Broken.
- Aroha – Love. Also affection, sympathy, charity, compassion and empathy.
- Manaakitanga – Hospitality, kindness, generosity.
- Awhi – Embrace, cherish.
- Atawhai – Kindness, care.